The Inuit used to be called the “Eskimos” by the Indians. Eskimo was originally thought to mean “Eaters of raw meat/flesh” but nowadays scholars think it means “snowshoes”. They speak a language called “Inuktitut” there are several way to speak it because the arctic is such a large area. Certain areas speak certain ways. In Inuktitut, Inuit means “The people”, Inuit children go to school just like everyone else, and they study their own language, also choosing English or French. Inuit is actually the plural form of their name; one person is referred to as an “Inuk”.
The Inuit have straight black hair, brown eyes, high cheekbones and wide faces. They belong to the race of the Mongoloid except they’re taller with lesser round heads (They’re most in the shape of an oval). They are said to be happy, friendly ad patient people. The Inuit are also very independent; they’ve adapted to the arctic weather and made many inventions. Both genders are skilled and talented in the art of crafts. They tell history through story telling, passing the stories onto the next generations. Sometimes the stories are true, others are mythical or legends. Although the modern Inuit are very different than their ancestors, they are very proud of their rich heritage and speak highly of their ancestors.
They make their homes in the northern Alaska, Greenland and the eastern tip of the USSR but most Inuit live in northern Canada, also called the “Arctic region”. Today there are more that 100,000 Inuit around the world. They have a calendar that is made according to the moon. They are amazing people who have made many inventions like the igloo, the kayak and the umiaq which to will read about later on.
This is O Canada (O'Kanata) the way the inuit sing it, with the Inuktitut Lyrics.